Primary Headwater Stream Organisms

Some aquatic organisms found in Ohio primary headwater streams

See "Links to related sites" below to find information about these organisms.

Some organisms rely on Ohio primary headwater habitat streams for a place to live. These include certain fish, such as Redside Dace and Mottled Sculpins, and certain salamanders, such as Two-lined salamanders and Northern Red salamanders, that rely on the cool waters that typically are found in spring-fed primary headwater streams. There are also a number of insect larvae, such as certain species of stonefly and caddisfly, that depend on the cool waters of class III primary headwater habitat streams. In addition to species that need the cool waters of class III primary headwater habitat streams, there are a large number of species that can live in the warmer waters of class II primary headwater habitat streams.

Below is a list of some of the organisms that live in Ohio primary headwater streams.

Fish

Salamanders

Macroinvertebrates

Snakes and Frogs

Bluntnose Minnow

Allegheny Mountain Dusky salamander

Alderfly larvae

Northern Water Snake

Brook Stickleback

Cave salamander

Caddisfly larvae

Queen Snake

Creek Chub

Four-toed salamander

Clams

Northern Ring-Necked Snake

Creek Chubsucker

Kentucky Spring salamander

Cranefly larvae

Northern Green Frog

Fantail Darter

Long-tailed salamander

Crayfish

Pickerel Frog

Fathead Minnow

Midland Mud salamander

Damselfly nymphs

Wood Frog

Green Sunfish

Northern Dusky salamander

Dragonfly nymphs

American Toad

Greenside Darter

Northern Red salamander

Fishfly larvae

 

Johnny Darter

Northern Spring salamander

Freshwater sponges

 

Largemouth Bass

Northern Two-lined salamander

Mayfly nymphs

 

Mottled Sculpin

Smallmouth salamander

Midges

 

Mudminnow

Southern Two-lined salamander

Riffle beetles

 

Native Brook Trout

Streamside salamander

Scuds

 

Orangethroat Darter

Tiger salamander

Snails

 

Rainbow Trout

 

Sow bugs

 

Rainbow Darter

 

Stonefly nymphs

 

Redside Dace

 

Water mites

 

Rosyside Dace

 

Water penny beetles

 

Silverjaw Minnow

 

Worms

 

Southern Redbelly Dace

 

 

 

Stoneroller Minnow

 

 

 
White Sucker      
 

 


Links to related sites

Fish

Ohio Department of Natural Resources - fishes of Ohio's state scenic rivers:
http://watercraft.ohiodnr.gov/scenic-rivers/program/stream-life/riverine-fish

James Ford Bell Museum of Natural History - fishes of Minnesota:
http://hatch.cehd.umn.edu/research/fish/fishes/

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation - freshwater fishes of New York:
http://www.dec.ny.gov/animals/269.html

Salamanders

Ohio Department of Natural Resources - Ohio's amphibians:
http://wildlife.ohiodnr.gov/species-and-habitats/species-guide-index/amphibians

Disappearing Jewels: The Status of New World Amphibians. Executive Summary:
https://portals.iucn.org/library/efiles/edocs/2004-107.pdf

U.S.Geological Survey - checklist of amphibian species and identification guide:
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/narcam/idguide/index.htm

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - herpetofauna - a life's list:
http://www.pingleton.com/herp.html

World Conservation Union - declining amphibian populations task force:
http://ice.ucdavis.edu/project/daptf

Macroinvertebrates

U.S. EPA - invertebrates as indicators:
http://water.epa.gov/type/wetlands/assessment/pph2_4.cfm

Kentucky Division of Water - an introduction to benthic macroinvertebrates:
http://kywater.org/ww/bugs/intro.htm

Miscellaneous

The Ohio State University - virtual watershed tour:
http://ohiowatersheds.osu.edu/education/watershed-tour