Compliance Assistance Program

Our experts work alongside local wastewater treatment staff to help identify performance-limiting factors that impact the plant’s ability to operate in compliance with its discharge permits.

Compliance Assistance Team

Established by Section 104(g)(1) of the Federal Clean Water Act, the four CAU members help bring wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) facilities into compliance and/or to maintain compliance. Our goal is to improve the water quality of our streams, rivers, and lakes by assisting WWTPs that need help in meeting their National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit.

The Compliance Assistance Program seldom works without total commitment from community officials. In order to achieve success, we need the same level of commitment from everyone involved: village administrators, superintendents, plant operators, etc.

Many communities have saved money and are operating in compliance at the same time, or at a lower operating cost than prior to participation in the assistance program. In many cases, the cost for compliance is also more economical than paying a penalty for noncompliance. Implementing preventive maintenance programs and identifying energy savings are the methods most used to reach a cost-effective end result.

If you are in need of our assistance or have any questions, please contact Jon Bernstein at (614) 644-3715 or by email at:

We travel all over Ohio helping WWTPs identify their performance limiting factors and create cost-effective solutions to bring them back into compliance. We are committed to helping small communities who need assistance achieving compliance with their NPDES permit requirements. We provide a free service to smaller communities with wastewater treatment plants of less than 5 MGD. Some of the services we provide include:

  • Perform plant performance evaluations to identify cause of compliance issues such as plant design, plant operation, administrative, etc.
  • Troubleshoot complex plant problems
  • Create innovative and cost effective solutions for improving plant performance
  • Onsite training of personnel in process control procedures such as sludge wasting and return rates, mixed liquor concentrations, and dissolved aeration tank oxygen levels
  • Help improve sludge handling and disposal procedures
  • Teach operators more effective methods of process control
  • Investigate concerns over industrial dischargers to the system
  • Determine current plant loadings and capacities
  • Help formulate and implement a preventive maintenance program
  • Help facilitate in Inflow & Infiltration evaluation of sewer system
  • Review/evaluate new treatment technologies
  • Provide training presentations at wastewater trade seminars and workshops
Compliance Assistance Program Info Card

By implementing House Bill 110 (HB110) in 1984, the Ohio General Assembly created Ohio EPA's HB110 program. The program is a contractual partnership between Local Health Districts ( LHDs) and Ohio EPA, whereby LHDs conduct, on behalf of the Agency, inspection and enforcement services for commercial sanitary waste treatment/disposal systems discharging between 0-25,000 gallons per day (semi-publics).

Ohio EPA operates the HB110 program to better protect the public health and welfare, and to protect the environment. Ohio EPA believes that due to the proximity, the multitude of facilities, and the availability of resources, oversight of operations for sanitary waste disposal at semi-publics may best be accomplished locally by qualified personnel.

To offset costs of local oversight, State law (Revised Code 3709.085) authorizes LHDs to charge fees for inspection services to be paid by semi-publics.

Inspection Program

In accordance with Ohio EPA's HB110 contracts, LHDs regularly inspect sanitary facilities at semi-publics for compliance with Ohio's water pollution control laws and regulations. Investigations of complaints regarding waste disposal by semi-publics are also accomplished locally.

Ohio EPA also consults with LHDs on the approval of plans and issuance of permits-to-install (PTIs) for semi-publics. Installation inspections may be performed locally to ensure compliance with Ohio EPA's PTI conditions.

Enforcement Activities

In coordination with Ohio EPA, LHDs may notify entities of noncompliance with Ohio's water pollution control regulations. LHDs are also instrumental in identifying semi-publics installed without PTIs, of which Ohio EPA may not be aware.

Where noncompliance notification and informal requests fail to correct violations, entities may be referred to Ohio EPA for enforcement or the County Prosecutor may bring an action under local nuisance ordinances. All discharges of pollutants which are unpermitted or in excess permitted amounts are statutory nuisances under Revised Code 6111.04.

Training Program

Ohio EPA intends to provide periodic training for LHDs. Training programs will focus on sanitary waste disposal for Semi-Public facilities, technical assistance, inspection issues, and enforcement case development.


The HB110 program is a unique opportunity for Ohio EPA and LHDs to assist one another in achieving the mutual goal of protecting public health and welfare. Through responsible regulation of Semi-Public facilities, the local community will benefit from decreased health risks and the State as a whole will benefit from improvements in water quality. Ohio EPA welcomes the participation of all LHDs.

Contact: Mark Stump, (614) 644-2028

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Class A Training Manual

Sludge Bag Video

This video provides instructions for creating a sludge thickening process at small plants for less than $250.