Construction and Demolition Debris (C&DD)

Ohio EPA regulates disposal of Construction and Demolition Debris (C&DD) and requires notification to the licensing authority for the use of clean hard fill.

Construction and Demolition Debris (C&DD) is material resulting from the construction or demolition of man-made structures. C&DD does not include any material that is a hazardous waste, infectious waste or material removed from the structure prior to demolition. C&DD does not include any solid wastes other than specifically allowed in law and rule.

C&DD may be processed, or it may be disposed in Ohio municipal solid waste landfills or C&DD landfills. C&DD landfills are required to meet siting, design, operating, closure and post-closure requirements and are prohibited from accepting pulverized debris. An annual license to operate is required to construct and operate a C&DD landfill in Ohio. The license is issued by the licensing authority, the local health department or Ohio EPA.

Clean hard fill consists only of reinforced or non-reinforced concrete, asphalt concrete, brick, block, tile, and/or stone. Clean hard fill can be recycled into a useable construction material, disposed of in a licensed construction and demolition debris or other waste facility, used to change the grade on the site of generation or removal, or used to change the grade on a site other than the site of generation. Any person using clean hard fill to change grade on a site other than the site of generation, must provide a written “Notice of Intent to Fill” to the licensing authority where the clean hard fill is to be placed.

Design and Construction Documents

Geotechnical and Slope Stability Analyses for Ohio Waste Containment Facilities (GeoRG Manual)

Landfill Operation Documents

Other Miscellaneous Documents

Licensing Documents

Pursuant to ORC Section 3714.062, Ohio EPA has created an operator certification program for construction and demolition debris landfill operators.  Effective July 1, 2019, Construction and Demolition Debris Landfills are required to have a certified operator on site, or reasonably available every day during disposal operations. However, since the program is in its initial certification cycle, Ohio EPA will use discretion to extend the initial certification deadline to coincide with the timing of the 2020 annual license application and renewal cycle later this year. To become a certified operator, a person needs at least twelve months of work experience at landfill operations and ten hours of approved education training pursuant to OAC Rule 3745-400-26-(B)(2). Once the operator meets those criteria, they can apply to become a certified operator. The certified operator must renew the certification before December 31 of each year.

The Construction and Demolition Association of Ohio (CDAO) offered training on April 1, 2019, which covered 6.75 of the required 10 education training hours. If you have any questions regarding the CDAO training, please contact Michael Dinneen at (614) 679-6991. For any questions regarding the operator certification program or any other training opportunities, please contact Ohio EPA's C&DD Unit at (614) 644-2621.

On June 30, 2017, the 132nd Ohio General Assembly passed Senate Bill 2. This bill states that the director of environmental protection shall adopt new rules governing construction and demolition debris processing facilities.  The rules will address issuance of permits-to-install and annual licenses as well as conditions for the location, design, construction, operation and closure of C&DD processing facilities.  When Senate Bill 2 becomes effective on Oct. 6, 2017, uncodified Section 4. of the bill requires C&DD processing facilities to submit an Application for Registration notifying the licensing authority (Board of Health or Ohio EPA). The Application for Registration will be available by Oct. 6, 2017.

For more information about C&DD Processing, see the Ohio EPA C&DD Processing webpage. 


  • Evaluation of Ground Water Quality at C&DD Landfills FACT SHEET
    Ohio Revised Code Section 3714.071 allows a board of health or the director of environmental protection to conduct ground water monitoring at licensed C&DD facilities to detect negative impacts on ground water. This FACT SHEET describes the process Ohio EPA has implemented to conduct this program, including evaluating each C&DD landfill using “priority criteria,” developing a preliminary Hydrogeologic Investigation Report (pHGI) for each landfill, and meeting with the owner/operator to discuss the outcome of the investigation and next steps.

  • Reimbursement for C&DD Ground Water Activities FACT SHEET
    Ohio EPA is in the process of completing a pHGI Report for all licensed C&DD facilities. If the pHGI concludes that additional ground water monitoring is warranted, then Ohio EPA or the owner/operator must perform the ground water activities in accordance with Ohio Revised Code Section 3714.071. This FACT SHEET describes the process of how, in certain situations, an owner/operator can be reimbursed for installation of new ground water monitoring wells and sampling and analysis of the ground water.

  • Priority Criteria – Documents include the scoring sheet used for each C&DD landfill to prioritize the need for additional ground water investigation, instruction sheet for preparing the scoring sheet and interested party comments to the Priority Criteria process for facility ground water evaluation.

  • Hydrogeologic Evaluation of 99 Construction & Demolition Debris Facilities in Ohio
    • Attachment 1 - C&DD Statewide Geologic and Hydrogeologic Data Summary

      This report, published April 18, 2008 and updated August 30, 2011, presents Ohio EPA’s findings regarding the potential impact of C&DD facilities on ground water quality based on geologic and hydrogeologic data from 99 existing, proposed, closed, and inactive C&DD facilities across Ohio.

 

More information coming soon!

Ohio EPA Answer Place - Enables users to search frequently asked questions, or submit their own question/comment on a variety of Ohio EPA issues and topics. This link is filtered to provide responses specific to C&DD requirements related questions.

What siting criteria apply to C&DD Landfills?

Siting Criteria for C&DD Landfills

For existing facilities, two siting criteria are established in the statute (does not apply if the facility was operating before July 24, 1990):

  • No portion of the facility shall be within the 100 year flood plain.

  • No portion of the facility shall be within the boundaries of a sole source aquifer.

In addition to these two criteria, for new facilities, the statute established the following criteria:

  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 100 feet from the property line.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from certain kinds of natural areas.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from lakes and reservoirs meeting certain criteria.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from water supply wells meeting.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from an historic landmark
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from an occupied dwelling.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 5 feet from the uppermost aquifer.
  • The main hauling road shall not be within 500 feet of an occupied dwelling.

Operator Certification FAQs

When did the C&DD Operator Certification rules (OAC 3745-400-26) become effective?
July 1, 2018.

How long do I have to get certified?
The Operator Certification rules specify July 1, 2019. However, since the program is in its initial certification cycle, Ohio EPA will use discretion to extend the initial certification deadline to coincide with the timing of the 2020 annual license application and renewal cycle later this year.

What are the responsibilities of a certified operator?
According to OAC rule OAC rule 3745-400-11(B)(11)(a): The certified operator shall be responsible for the following:
(i) Overseeing all operations at the facility.
(ii) Being thoroughly familiar with proper operating procedures, the terms and conditions of the facility license, and this rule.
(iii) Reviewing and signing the completed daily log for each day of facility operation.

How many certified operators does my facility need?
One.  There are provisions for replacing a certified operator with an interim operator and a timeframe to complete training.

Do operators of MSW landfills that accept C&DD for disposal need to be certified?
No, only operators of C&DD landfills need to be certified.  The operator certification rules only apply to C&DD operators

How many hours of training does a certified operator need?
10 total hours annually, consisting of four hours of rules/laws and six hours of Best Management Practices (BMPs).

Will there be a list of approved training courses?
Yes, there will be a list of approved training courses posted on Ohio EPA’s C&DD Operator Certification website.  You may also submit information for consideration for courses not on the preapproved list. 

If the course I want to take isn’t on the approved list, how can I get credit for it?
See this link on Ohio EPA’s Operator Certification website for the procedure for submitting course approval information.

I’ve already taken training courses. Can I count those toward my C&DD Operator Certification?
Yes, if the material is relevant to C&DD facility operation.  We will consider only those courses completed after July 1, 2017 for the first (initial) operator certification cycle.

How will I know about newly approved courses?
Ohio EPA will update the C&DD Operator Certification website with new course information.

Where can I get more information?
Ohio EPA’s C&DD Operator Certification

What counts as an hour of training?
The rule states that sixty minutes of instruction or other approved activity shall constitute one credit hour of education.

Is there a fee to become a Certified Operator?
The Operator Certification application from Ohio EPA does not have a fee, however, any courses that are taken for continuing education may have a fee.

Phone: (614) 644-2621

Fax: (614) 728-5315

Email Webmaster

Physical address:
Ohio EPA - DMWM
Lazarus Government Center
50 W. Town St., Suite 700
Columbus, Ohio 43215

Mailing address:
Ohio EPA - DMWM
Lazarus Government Center
P.O. Box 1049
Columbus, Ohio 43216-1049 

 

Oil and Gas/C&DD
Sarvis, Harry Manager (614) 644-3519
Shear, Aaron Supervisor, Oil and Gas/C&DD (614) 728-5350
Chapman, Barry  Environmental Specialist 2, Oil and Gas/C&DD (614) 728-5344
Alexandria Fair   Environmental Specialist 2, Oil and Gas/C&DD (614) 644-3174
Joanna Asuncion Environmental Specialist 2, Oil and Gas/C&DD (614) 728-5349
     
 
 800-282-9378

What siting criteria apply to C&DD Landfills?

Siting Criteria for C&DD Landfills

For existing facilities, two siting criteria are established in the statute (does not apply if the facility was operating before July 24, 1990):

  • No portion of the facility shall be within the 100 year flood plain.

  • No portion of the facility shall be within the boundaries of a sole source aquifer.

In addition to these two criteria, for new facilities, the statute established the following criteria:

  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 100 feet from the property line.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from certain kinds of natural areas.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from lakes and reservoirs meeting certain criteria.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from water supply wells meeting.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from an historic landmark
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from an occupied dwelling.
  • Disposal limits shall not be less than 5 feet from the uppermost aquifer.
  • The main hauling road shall not be within 500 feet of an occupied dwelling.

Operator Certification FAQs

When did the C&DD Operator Certification rules (OAC 3745-400-26) become effective?
July 1, 2018.

How long do I have to get certified?
The Operator Certification rules specify July 1, 2019. However, since the program is in its initial certification cycle, Ohio EPA will use discretion to extend the initial certification deadline to coincide with the timing of the 2020 annual license application and renewal cycle later this year.

What are the responsibilities of a certified operator?
According to OAC rule OAC rule 3745-400-11(B)(11)(a): The certified operator shall be responsible for the following:
(i) Overseeing all operations at the facility.
(ii) Being thoroughly familiar with proper operating procedures, the terms and conditions of the facility license, and this rule.
(iii) Reviewing and signing the completed daily log for each day of facility operation.

How many certified operators does my facility need?
One.  There are provisions for replacing a certified operator with an interim operator and a timeframe to complete training.

Do operators of MSW landfills that accept C&DD for disposal need to be certified?
No, only operators of C&DD landfills need to be certified.  The operator certification rules only apply to C&DD operators

How many hours of training does a certified operator need?
10 total hours annually, consisting of four hours of rules/laws and six hours of Best Management Practices (BMPs).

Will there be a list of approved training courses?
Yes, there will be a list of approved training courses posted on Ohio EPA’s C&DD Operator Certification website.  You may also submit information for consideration for courses not on the preapproved list. 

If the course I want to take isn’t on the approved list, how can I get credit for it?
See this link on Ohio EPA’s Operator Certification website for the procedure for submitting course approval information.

I’ve already taken training courses. Can I count those toward my C&DD Operator Certification?
Yes, if the material is relevant to C&DD facility operation.  We will consider only those courses completed after July 1, 2017 for the first (initial) operator certification cycle.

How will I know about newly approved courses?
Ohio EPA will update the C&DD Operator Certification website with new course information.

Where can I get more information?
Ohio EPA’s C&DD Operator Certification

What counts as an hour of training?
The rule states that sixty minutes of instruction or other approved activity shall constitute one credit hour of education.

Is there a fee to become a Certified Operator?
The Operator Certification application from Ohio EPA does not have a fee, however, any courses that are taken for continuing education may have a fee.

Design and Construction Documents

Geotechnical and Slope Stability Analyses for Ohio Waste Containment Facilities (GeoRG Manual)

Landfill Operation Documents

Other Miscellaneous Documents

Licensing Documents