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Infectious Waste

Ohio EPA regulates the generation and treatment of infectious waste, as authorized by Chapter 3734 of the Ohio Revised Code. Businesses generating more than fifty (50) pounds of infectious waste in any calendar month are required to register with Ohio EPA and, among other requirements, ensure all infectious waste is treated prior to ultimate disposal. Approved treatment technologies may be used onsite, or infectious wastes may be sent to a commercial treatment facility.

Ohio’s infectious waste regulations contain approved treatment methods. Most commonly, autoclave and incineration technologies are used to treat infectious waste prior to disposal. Additional approved treatment methods include chemical treatment utilizing a sodium hypochlorite solution (bleach) for stocks and cultures; applied heat encapsulation for sharps; and chemical treatment utilizing peracetic acid and grinding. A business may submit a request for site-specific or statewide approval of an alternative treatment technology.

Transportation of infectious waste (hazardous material) is regulated by the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO). For more information regarding the transportation of infectious waste, please contact PUCO by telephone at (800) 686-PUCO (7826).

For more information about Ohio’s Infectious Waste Program, please see the menu below.


What's New

August 15, 2022  Ohio EPA Provides COVID-19 Test Kit Disposal Guidance

The Ohio EPA has made the determination that unused and expired COVID-19 test kits do not meet the regulatory definition of an infectious waste and may be disposed as a solid waste.

July 12, 2021 Ohio EPA Provides COVID Vaccine Disposal Guidance

The Ohio EPA has made the determination that COVID-19 vaccines do not meet the regulatory definition of an infectious waste and may be disposed as a solid waste. 

Please contact Central Office Infectious Waste Unit staff for questions.
Also, you can reach Shockley, Alison at (614) 728-5335

Don't Forget!  

Infectious waste generator registration certificates expire every three years. Please check your registration certificate to ensure that the registration is current. In addition, any time the contact information changes or additional premises are added or deleted, the generator is responsible for updating their certificate by submitting an infectious waste generator registration form with "amendment" checked as the application type.

Guidance Documents



  • Ohio EPA Answer Place - Enables users to search frequently asked questions, or submit their own question/comment on a variety of Ohio EPA issues and topics.


Phone: (614) 644-2621

Fax: (614) 728-5315

Email Webmaster

Physical address:
Lazarus Government Center
50 W. Town St., Suite 700
Columbus, Ohio 43215

Mailing address:
Lazarus Government Center
50 W. Town St., Suite 700
P.O. Box 1049
Columbus, Ohio 43216-1049 

Field Services, Health Dept and Inspector Support
Shockley, Alison Manager (614) 728-5335
Angel Arroyo-Rodriguez Environmental Specialist 3,  Infectious Waste, Composting (614) 728-5336
Anthony Blevins Environmental Specialist 2, Infectious Waste and Composting (614) 728-5328
Nichols, Greg  Assistance with Applications for Generator Registration (614) 728-5327