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Beneficial Use

The Beneficial Use Program promotes the diversion of wastes from landfill disposal in a manner that is protective of public health, safety, and the environment. Common beneficial uses include land application for agronomic benefit, soil blending, and structural fill. 

Ohio EPAs Beneficial Use General Permits and Individual Permits rules are contained in OAC Chapter 3745-599 and cover the beneficial use of the following materials: 

  • Foundry sands 
  • Drinking water treatment materials 
  • Dredged material from federal navigational channels in Lake Erie 
  • Sewage sludge (biosolids) incinerator ash 
  • Waste materials burned for energy recovery
  • Beneficial Use Guidance Documents

General Permits authorize common beneficial use activities for these waste materials that are determined to not to adversely impact public health, safety, or the environment when managed in accordance with an applicable permit.  An applicant may seek coverage under a general permit by completing and submitting a Notice of Intent (NOI) form. General permits are not site-specific, and instead authorize storage and beneficial use at locations when best management practices are satisfied.À¯General permits include common conditions, such as sampling and analysis procedures, material quality standards, recordkeeping, annual reporting, and best management practices for storage and beneficial use. 

An application for an individual permit can be submitted for consideration when a there is not a general permit that satisfies the applicants intended beneficial use or if the waste material does not meet the constituent standards specified in a general permit. Individual Permits are reviewed and considered on a case-by-case basis. 

If you want to reuse a waste material that is not listed above, you may fill out a Land Application Management Plan form (LAMP form) or and Integrative Alternative Waste Management Project Request (IAWMP form).  

When these waste materials are used as an ingredient in certain construction materials such as cement or asphalt concrete, no permit is required as this approved by rule.  Waste materials may also be used as a fuel or ingredient in a combustion unit, again with no permit required. 

Beneficial Use Guidance Documents


Harbor Sediment Authorizations

Harbor Sediment Authorizations are issued after a risk-based screening evaluation determines that the dredge once dewatered can be safely used as a replacement for soil. Once the dredge is dewatered, it is no longer a solid waste or another waste and is just dirt. Conneaut Harbor is the first Harbor Sediment Authorization issued by Ohio EPA.

Coming soon Ohio EPA will be issuing HSAs for Fairport, Lorain, Ashtabula, Huron, Sandusky, and Toledo. Please contact Vanessa Steigerwald Dick for more information.

Notice of Intent (NOI) Form

  • NOI Form multipurpose    [DOC]    [PDF]

Individual Permit Application

Integrated Alternative Waste Management Project (IAWMP) Request

Land Application Management Plan (LAMP) Request

Annual Reports


The Beneficial Use Rules are located in OAC Chapter 3745-599.



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Columbus, OH 43215

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Beneficial Use
Sarvis, Harry  Environmental Manager (614) 644-3519
Flynn, Maera Environmental Specialist 3, Beneficial Use (614) 728-5338 
Cherosky, Phil Environmental Specialist 2, Beneficial Use (614) 644-3249
Ujvari, Megan Environmental Specialist 2, Beneficial Use (614) 644-2967