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Guidance for RCRA, VAP, and Remedial Response

Use the tabs below to locate a significant guidance document by environmental topic. We sorted the documents by topic to help you find the appropriate document more quickly; however, we did not necessarily list a document under every topic mentioned in it. Instead, documents are grouped according to their major themes. Some documents may be listed multiple times while others may appear under just one topic.

Ground Water Leaching

Assessment

QA/QC

  • Guidelines for Preparing a Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP)
    Presents guidelines and specifications describing the essential elements of a QA Project Plan, and specifies the required format to be followed and how plans will be reviewed and approved.
  • Laboratory and Field Screening Data Review
    Assists project coordinators, site assessors and VAP reviewers in the evaluation of whether data provided by a laboratory may contain deficiencies which could result in a determination that the data quality is questionable for use in a project.
  • Quality Management Plan
    Addresses the Quality Management Plan requirements as outlined in the U.S. EPA Quality Assurance (QA/R2) document, External Review Draft Final, October 1998.Material and information specific to activities within DERR are noted throughout this document. The bulk of information is reflective of the overall operating system within Ohio EPA.

Remedial Response

ARARs Guidance

  • State ARARs Process
    Provides guidance to ensure that the Remedial Response Program consistently implements the use of ARARs for state sites.
  • State ARARs Listing
    Provides a list of ARARs by Agency and Division, and includes the ORC or OAC reference and the application.
  • VAP Program Requirements as ARARs
    Identifies that as promulgated standards under state environmental law, VAP cleanup standards may be a relevant and appropriate requirement for a remedial action in an enforcement case. However, this is a site-specific determination based on the particular circumstances at a given site. In order to determine whether a requirement is relevant and appropriate, Section 300.400(g)(2) of the NCP lays out a comparative analysis to be performed between the requirement in question and the proposed action.

Misc. Remedial Response Guidance

  • Abatement Action Guidance Document
    Provides a basis for determining whether a site or situation in question is appropriate to pursue an abatement only order pursuant to Ohio Revised Code (ORC) 6111.03.Also provides guidance on the generation of a justification of how technical feasibility, economic reasonableness and benefits to the people of Ohio were considered at the time the abatement action was selected and ordered.
  • Asphalt Covers to Prevent Leaching at Industrial Sites
    Discusses the use of paved surfaces and underlying barrier layers to cover areas of contaminated soil and prevent leaching, while also creating minimal disturbance to industrial plant operations.
  • Assessment of Seismic Risks at Remedial Sites
    Summarizes how sites being addressed under the Remedial Response Program should be evaluated for earthquake risk. This is especially important because such sites often contain wastes that violate current land disposal restrictions, and which may have been built to much lower standards than applicable today and/or located in more recently identified environmentally sensitive areas.
  • The Conceptual Site Model (CSM) Guidance
    For use at Remedial Response sites
  • Conducting Periodic Inspections at Remedial Response Sites
    Outlines procedures used by Ohio EPA to conduct periodic compliance inspections at remedial response sites, including the verification of compliance with performance standards and approved O&M Plans and Orders, and the identification of changes in remedy protectiveness.
  • Definition of a DERR Site
    Facilitates the use of DERR resources on sites for which Ohio EPA has authority to conduct site assessment and cleanup activities, or to require others to conduct such activities.
  • Use of Background for Remedial Response Sites
    The purpose of this guidance is to provide recommendations and methodology for the determination and use of representative background levels in environmental media which is acceptable by Ohio EPA - DERR for Remedial Response Sites.

Remedial Design/Remedial Action

  • Environmental Covenant Template
    Sets forth the template environmental covenant to be used for the purpose of subjecting a property to activity and use limitations.
  • Guidance List for use with DERR Orders
    Sets forth the generic list of guidance documents to be used in conducting Remedial Design and Remedial Action work at a site. This guidance list is to be used in conjunction with the RD/RA template Order and Statement of Work (SOW).
  • Remedial Design/Remedial Action (RD/RA) Statement of Work
    Sets forth the generic requirements for conducting a Remedial Design and a Remedial Action at a site.The purpose of the RD/RA SOW is to define the procedures that respondents shall follow in designing and implementing the selected remedy for a site.
  • Remedial Design/Remedial Action (RD/RA)
    Template Order - Sets forth the template Order to be used together with the generic statement of work (SOW) for conducting a Remedial Design and Remedial Action (RD/RA) at a site.

Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study

  • Deed Notice Template
    Sets forth the template deed notice to be used together with DERR orders.
  • Guidance List for use with DERR Orders
    Sets forth the generic list of guidance documents to be utilized in conducting a Remedial Investigation and a Feasibility Study (RI/FS) at a site. This Guidance List is to be used in conjunction with the RI/FS template Order and Statement of Work (SOW).
  • Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) Statement of Work
    Sets forth the generic requirements for conducting a Remedial Investigation and a Feasibility Study (RI/FS) at a site. The purpose of the RI is to characterize the nature and extent of a release or potential release of contaminants at or from a site, assess potential risks to human health and the environment posed by such releases, and collect the information needed to support the development and evaluation of remedial alternatives. The purpose of the FS is to develop and evaluate remedial alternatives to provide Ohio EPA with the information necessary to select a remedy.
  • Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) - Template Order
    Sets forth the template Order to be used together with the generic statement of work (SOW) for conducting a Remedial Investigation and a Feasibility Study (RI/FS) at a site.

Monitored Natural Attenuation

Risk Assessment

Voluntary Action Program (VAP)

  • Evaluation of Background Metal Soil Concentrations
    The Ohio EPA Division of Environmental Response and Revitalization, Site Investigation Field Unit (DERR-SIFU) is currently sampling surficial soils in several Ohio counties to determine the county specific background metals concentrations. This information is being developed for use with Voluntary Action Program sites.
  • Post-CNS Building Occupancy Guidance
    Properties that receive a covenant not to sue (CNS) often restrict, by way of an environmental covenant, the occupancy of buildings on the property due to vapor intrusion concerns. This guidance presents the steps required to gain occupancy for a building so that the CNS is not voided due to a violation of the conditions in the environmental covenant.
  • Requirements for Electronic Maps
    Requirements for Electronic Maps (As required in the Application Form for Subsidized Technical Assistance and recommended in OAC 3745-300-13(D).).
  • Sample Collection and Evaluation of Vapor Intrusion to Indoor Air guidance for Remedial Response, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and Voluntary Action Programs - 2020
    This guidance serves as an instructional tool for the investigation and evaluation of vapor intrusion at sites in Ohio. This guidance document represents an update to the May 2010 Ohio EPA document of the same title and supersedes any and all previous vapor intrusion guidance documents presented by the agency.
  • VAP Program Environmental Covenant Guidance
    This guidance applies to property cleanups under Ohio's Voluntary Action Program (VAP), when the volunteer requests a VAP certified professional (CP) to submit to Ohio EPA a no further action (NFA) letter with a request for a covenant not to sue.
  • VAP Program Requirements as ARARs
    Identifies that as promulgated standards under state environmental law, VAP cleanup standards may be a relevant and appropriate requirement for a remedial action in an enforcement case. However, this is a site-specific determination based on the particular circumstances at a given site. In order to determine whether a requirement is relevant and appropriate, Section 300.400(g)(2) of the NCP lays out a comparative analysis to be performed between the requirement in question and the proposed action.
  • VAP Program Technical Guidance Compendium (TGC)
    DERRs technical guidance compendium.

Hazardous Waste

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Cessation of Regulated Operations (CRO)

Closure Guidance

  • Closure Plan Review Guidance for RCRA Facilities
    Provides technical and administrative guidance for conducting closure and post-closure for RCRA hazardous waste units.
  • Closure Plan Review Guidance: Removed Appendices
    Previous versions of the Closure Plan Review Guidance contained the following documents in the appendices, but they have been removed in an effort to reduce paper use.
  • Uniform Federal Policy for Quality Assurance Project Plans
    The UFP-QAPP provides project-level guidance for implementing the systematic planning process for environmental data collection, based on the American National Standard ANSI/ASQ E4-2004
  • Vadose Zone Modeling
    This is a guidance for developing and reviewing vadose zone models that are generated by facilities to support that wastes left in soil, after meeting direct contact risk standards, will not pose a significant threat to ground water resources.

Corrective Action (CA) Guidance

Data Validation

The listed resources outline a process called Data Validation that will enable Ohio EPA in the RCRA program to review analytical data for consistency, quality and relevance before using it as a basis for making decisions that will affect closure and corrective action sites. The process is multi-tiered which may in part or total apply to a particular project depending on the needs of the decision makers and the complexities of regulated facility.

Generators

Sampling Guidance

Transporters

Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities

Universal Waste

Used Oil

Vapor Intrusion

Field Standard Operating Procedures (FSOPs)

Vapor Intrusion Guidance