On August 3, 2018, U.S. EPA designated three areas in Ohio as “marginal nonattainment” for the 2015 ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS): Cincinnati, Cleveland and Columbus. Under section 182(a) of the Clean Air Act Amendments, marginal areas have up to three years from designation to attain the standard (August 3, 2021). The Columbus area attained the standard and was redesignated to attainment on August 21, 2019.
The Cincinnati and Cleveland areas did not meet the ozone standard by the end of the 2020 ozone season (October 31). On April 13, 2022 (87 FR 21842), U.S. EPA proposed to “bump-up” these areas to moderate nonattainment. A bump-up from marginal to moderate nonattainment triggers additional requirements under Clean Air Act (CAA). On June 13, 2022, Ohio EPA provided comments to U.S. EPA (Comments on Attainment Demonstration and Area Reclassifications) on the proposed bump-up. Effective November 7, 2022 (87 FR 60897), U.S. EPA bumped-up the Cleveland area to moderate nonattainment. Ohio EPA is currently planning for the bump-up. Information and resources will be provided here as they are developed.
On June 9, 2022 (87 FR 35104), U.S. EPA approved the final redesignation request and maintenance plan for the Ohio portion of the Cincinnati, OH-KY area to be classified as attainment for the 2015 ozone standard based upon 2019-2021 ozone monitoring data. A copy of Ohio's redesignation request and U.S., EPA's final approval can be found on Ohio's State Implementation Plan (SIP) - 2015 Eight-hour Ozone Standard webpage. Since the redesignation was finalized before U.S. EPA’s final action, the Ohio portion of the Cincinnati nonattainment area was not included in the bump-up to moderate nonattainment.
For questions or additional information, contact Holly Kaloz at firstname.lastname@example.org or (614) 644-3632.
- February 11, 2020 (Cincinnati)
- February 25, 2020 (Cleveland)
- September 14, 2020 (Cleveland)
- September 15, 2020 (Cincinnati)
Exceptional Event Demonstration
On April 13, 2021, Ohio EPA submitted to U.S. EPA an Exceptional Events demonstration which, if approved by U.S. EPA, may allow the Cincinnati area to be eligible for a one-year extension to the attainment date. The demonstration is available on Ohio's State Implementation Plan Website.
In order for the Exceptional Events demonstration to be approvable, U.S. EPA requires a very detailed and rigorous technical analysis, in accordance with U.S. EPA rule and guidance (available at https://www.epa.gov/air-quality-analysis/final-2016-exceptional-events-rule-supporting-guidance-documents-updated-faqs).
On November 4, 2021, U.S. EPA issued a nonconcurrence letter and a technical support document.
Ohio EPA in collaboration with the Lake Michigan Air Directors Consortium (LADCO) and nearby states are engaging in several projects to evaluate potential control measures and update technical information to be used in future decision making.
- Ozone control options analysis – Regional, state, and nonattainment area analysis of potential control options, including potential emissions reductions and cost effectiveness.
- Final Report: Control of Ozone Precursor Emissions in the Great Lakes Region
- Focused Survey: Evaluation of LADCO Product Formulations for Architectural and Industrial-Maintenance (AIM) Coatings and Consumer Products
- White Paper: NOx Emission Controls for Stationary Sources in the LADCO Region (Technical Support Document)
- LADCO Ozone Science
Ohio EPA rulemakings to adopt/update requirements as required under the CAA or as necessary to attain the 2015 ozone standard will be posted on Ohio EPA’s rulemaking site.
To date, these rulemakings include:
- NOx RACT – OAC Ch. 3745-21 Effective Rules Page
- VOC RACT – OAC Ch. 3745-110 Effective Rules Page
- Consumer Products – OAC Ch. 3745-112 Effective Rules Page
- Architectural and Industrial Maintenance (AIM) Coatings - OAC Ch. 3745-113 Effective Rules Page
State Implementation Plan (SIP) Submittals
- Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) SIP
- Cover letter - March 30, 2022 [PDF]
- SIP Submittal [PDF]
- Appendices A-I [PDF]
- Appendix D2 - 5 PerCent Equivalency Analysis for OAC Rule 3745-21-26 [Excel .xlsx]
- Attainment Demonstration for the Cleveland, OH Moderate 2015 Ozone Nonattainment Area
Proposed “Good Neighbor” Federal Implementation Plan for the 2015 Ozone Standard
On April 6, 2022 (87 FR 20036), U.S. EPA proposed a Federal Implementation Plan (FIP) to address regional ozone transport for the 2015 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The proposed FIP is often referred to as a “Good Neighbor” FIP or “Transport Rule”. On June 13, 2022, Ohio EPA provided comments to U.S. EPA (Comments on Proposed Federal Implementation Plan (FIP)) on the proposed FIP.
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