Environmental Requirements for Gas Stations

Environmental Requirements for Gas Stations

Is your company a gas station, or does your company have a gasoline dispensing facility (GDF) on site?

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There can be federal, state and local environmental regulations that apply to your operations. Below are some guidance documents and web resources to assist you in determining your environmental compliance requirements.

NOTE:  This web page does not contain information about requirements for underground storage tanks regulated by the State Fire Marshal, Bureau of Underground Storage Tank Regulations (BUSTR).  See link below in the Tanks tab.

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (40 CFR 63, Subpart CCCCCC) (Note: This rule applies nationwide and requires Stage I vapor controls on sites that dispense 10,000 gallons or more of gasoline per month.)
Subpart CCCCCC Brochure (English)


Explains requirements of the federal NESHAP rule   

Subpart CCCCCC Brochure (Spanish)
Subpart CCCCCC Brochure (Hindi)
Subpart CCCCCC Brochure (Urdu)
NESHAP Initial Notification Form Ohio Initial Notification form for Subpart CCCCCC (English Only)
NESHAP Initial/Compliance Combined Notification Form Ohio combined form covering intial notification and compliance certification for Subpart CCCCCC (English Only)
NESHAP 6C Video (U.S. EPA)
The 22- minute video explains the general requirements of the 6C rule, which specific businesses are affected, and the compliance requirements for Stage I vapor controls.
This web site contains the official rule language, notification form templates, implementation tools, and background information for numerous area source NESHAP rules promulgated by U.S. EPA.
Permitting Resources
 This fact sheet summarizes the state air pollution regulations that apply to gasoline dispensing facilities including permit requirements, testing requirements, common violations, and local contacts. It provides a good starting point for learning EPA requirements for vapor control systems. It may not cover every requirement and should not be used as your only source of information on the regulations.
Use this 1-page flowchart to determine if your GDF needs an air permit or Permit-by-Rule notification.  It also lists the counties where Stage I and II controls are required.  
 Use this form to register for permit by rule authorization to install and operate your gas station.
 Division of Air Pollution Control web page for permit by rule information and registration lookup.
 Facilities that do not qualify for the permit-by-rule need a PTIO. The required forms are 3150a-Permit to Install and Operate Application and #3105 – Emissions Activity Category Form: Gasoline, Diesel and/or Kerosene Dispensing Facility.
 Map of Ohio EPA District Offices and Local Air Agencies, by county, with addresses and contact information.
 Compliance Resources 
 These checklists can help you maintain the records required by your air permit or permit-by-rule registration.
 A list of companies that provide testing and training for vapor recovery equipment.  (For reference only, Ohio EPA does not endorse or guarantee the performance of companies on the list).
This 13-minute video explains the basic regulatory requirements for vapor recovery system design, operation, and maintenance.
 (California Air Resources Board)  Research and download CARB Executive Orders, Approval Letters, equipment and testing specifications, etc. for Stage I and Stage II vapor control systems. Ohio’s regulations require you to use CARB-certified vapor control equipment.  CARB information is needed for completing permit-by-rule notifications or PTIO applications.
 Ohio Regulations 
 Ohio's regulations for Stage I vapor control systems and operation.  See pages 41-43 of .pdf file.
  Ohio's regulations for Stage II vapor control systems and operation.  See pages 117-123 of .pdf file.
 OAC 3745-21-10 - Compliance Test Methods and Procedures [PDF]
 Test Methods:  Paragraph (K)-Leak  Detection
                             Paragraph (Q)-Static Leak Test and Appendix A
                             Paragraph (R)-Dynamic Pressure Test and Appendix B
                             Appendix C - Stage II Post Test Inspection Form
Check with your local building and zoning departments for any specific registration or license requirements

State Fire Marshal, Bureau of Underground Storage Tank Regulations (BUSTR)

BUSTR regulates storage tanks for proper installation, fire suppression, and structural integrity for safety and leak prevention.  Tank installations, removals, and site cleanups require notifications and approvals from BUSTR in addition to any EPA requirements.

Just getting started?  Check out our fact sheet for a general overview of Ohio EPA requlations for gas stations.

Answer Place

 Ohio EPA's tool for frequently asked questions.  Search key word "gasoline".

Publications Catalog

 List of Ohio EPA publications relevant to gas stations.