Construction and Demolition Debris (C&DD)

Regulates disposal of Construction and Demolition Debris (C&DD) and establishes a notification requirement for the use of clean hard fill.

Construction and Demolition Debris (C&DD) is material resulting from the construction or demolition of man-made structures. C&DD does not include any material that is a hazardous waste, infectious waste or material removed from the structure prior to demolition. C&DD does not include any solid wastes other than specifically allowed in law and rule.

C&DD may be reused, recycled or disposed in Ohio municipal solid waste landfills or C&DD landfills. C&DD landfills are required to meet siting, design, operating, closure and post-closure requirements and are prohibited from accepting pulverized debris. An annual license to operate is required to construct and operate a C&DD landfill in Ohio. The license is issued by the licensing authority, the local health department or Ohio EPA.

The C&DD program regulations focus on disposal and do not require authorization to conduct C&DD transfer or recycling. Other Ohio EPA programs, such as air or surface water, may regulate activities at such facilities.

Update on C&DD 2015 Licensing

The C&DD license application and tabs have been posted in the 'Resources' tab, under 'Forms,' on this webpage.

Excavation of Soil to Construct a C&DD Landfill

Excavation of soil to construct a C&DD landfill may require a surface mining permit from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) Division of Mineral Resources Management. You may obtain information and assistance by directly contacting your Division of Mineral Resources Management regional office.

Regulation of Industrial Minerals Mining

Design and Construction Documents

Geotechnical and Slope Stability Analyses for Ohio Waste Containment Facilities (GeoRG Manual)

Landfill Operation Documents

Other Miscellaneous Documents

Licensing Documents


  • Evaluation of Ground Water Quality at C&DD Landfills FACT SHEET
    Ohio Revised Code Section 3714.071 allows a board of health or the director of environmental protection to conduct ground water monitoring at licensed C&DD facilities to detect negative impacts on ground water. This FACT SHEET describes the process Ohio EPA has implemented to conduct this program, including evaluating each C&DD landfill using “priority criteria,” developing a preliminary Hydrogeologic Investigation Report (pHGI) for each landfill, and meeting with the owner/operator to discuss the outcome of the investigation and next steps.

  • Reimbursement for C&DD Ground Water Activities FACT SHEET
    Ohio EPA is in the process of completing a pHGI Report for all licensed C&DD facilities. If the pHGI concludes that additional ground water monitoring is warranted, then Ohio EPA or the owner/operator must perform the ground water activities in accordance with Ohio Revised Code Section 3714.071. This FACT SHEET describes the process of how, in certain situations, an owner/operator can be reimbursed for installation of new ground water monitoring wells and sampling and analysis of the ground water.

  • Priority Criteria – Documents include the scoring sheet used for each C&DD landfill to prioritize the need for additional ground water investigation, instruction sheet for preparing the scoring sheet and interested party comments to the Priority Criteria process for facility ground water evaluation.

  • Hydrogeologic Evaluation of 99 Construction & Demolition Debris Facilities in Ohio
    • Attachment 1 - C&DD Statewide Geologic and Hydrogeologic Data Summary

      This report, published April 18, 2008 and updated August 30, 2011, presents Ohio EPA’s findings regarding the potential impact of C&DD facilities on ground water quality based on geologic and hydrogeologic data from 99 existing, proposed, closed, and inactive C&DD facilities across Ohio.

 

More information coming soon!

Ohio EPA Answer Place - Enables users to search frequently asked questions, or submit their own question/comment on a variety of Ohio EPA issues and topics. This link is filtered to provide responses specific to C&DD requirements related questions.

What siting criteria apply to C&DD Landfills?

Siting Criteria for C&DD Landfills

For existing facilities, two siting criteria are established in the statute (does not apply if the facility was operating before July 24, 1990):

1. No portion of the facility shall be within the 100 year flood plain.

2. No portion of the facility shall be within the boundaries of a sole source aquifer.

In addition to these two criteria, for new facilities, the statute established the following criteria:

1. Disposal limits shall not be less than 100 feet from streams and wetlands.

2. Disposal limits shall not be less than 100 feet from the property line.

3. Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from certain kinds of natural areas.

4. Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from lakes and reservoirs meeting certain criteria.

5. Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from water supply wells meeting.

6. Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from an historic landmark

7. Disposal limits shall not be less than 500 feet from an occupied dwelling.

8. Disposal limits shall not be less than 5 feet from the uppermost aquifer.

9. The main hauling road shall not be within 500 feet of an occupied dwelling.

 
Phone: (614) 644-2621

Fax: (614) 728-5315

Email Webmaster

Physical address:
Ohio EPA - DMWM
Lazarus Government Center
50 W. Town St., Suite 700
Columbus, Ohio 43215

Mailing address:
Ohio EPA - DMWM
Lazarus Government Center
P.O. Box 1049
Columbus, Ohio 43216-1049 

 

Oil and Gas/C&DD
Sarvis, Harry
Manager (614) 644-3519
Shear, Aaron Supervisor, Oil and Gas/C&DD
(614) 728-5350
Smith, Kelly
Oil and Gas/C&DD (614) 644-3174