Beneficial Use

New! - On October 6, 2017, Ohio EPA issued a new general permit for beneficially using Sewage Sludge Incinerator Ash (SSIA, aka Biosolids Incinerator Ash/BIA).  This SSIA general permit authorizes land application of SSIA for soil blending/ agronomic benefit (with additional nutrients added through blending) and as fill material.  We are developing guidance for using this permit and will post that on this webpage when complete. In the interim please contact the DMWM Beneficial Use Group for assistance as needed.  This is the third beneficial use general permit issued by Ohio EPA under Ohio Administrative Code (OAC) Chapter 3745-599 (Effective March 31, 2017).

In addition, the DMWM Beneficial Use Group is working with stakeholders developing a Drinking Water Treatment Materials (DWTM) beneficial use general permit.  We would like to thank everyone who participated in our August, 2017, webinar discussing DWTM draft general permits.  Based significantly on your input we are revising our approach to these permits.  Instead of separate permits for alum, lime, ferric or other-based materials, we will group all drinking water treatment materials under either direct land application or soil blend prior to use.  We are reviewing written comments on the draft DWTM general permits from September, and folding in those from January and March, and look to issue a complete Responsiveness Summary in the near future.

Keep reading..

The Agency has determined, based on interested party input and developing science, that we will not seek additional permits for beneficial use land placement of DWTM until these DWTM general permits are issued later this year.   This recognizes the long established practice of DWTM land placement, the need for flexibility moving to a more efficient permitting system, the science developing for microcystins fate and transport in the environment, and the current fall application season.   As always, DWTM land appliers need to prevent any impacts to waters of the state from their activities and when available apply for an OAC Chapter 3745-599 general or individual permit.

We recently committed to sharing literature we’ve encountered researching microcystins.  Please see research references posted under the Resources tab below.  This is only a sample of the papers published and available and is not meant to represent either a thorough treatment of the subject nor an Agency preference for any one author or group of authors.  We welcome other sources interested parties feel should be considered.

We also continue working on rules related to Lake Erie dredged materials under recently passed Senate Bill 2 legislation (SB2).  In part, SB2 authorizes Ohio EPA to draft new rules, including authorization-by-rule where possible for material meeting certain constituent thresholds (under development), and beneficial use permits for land applying materials dredged from Lake Erie navigation channels.

The DMWM Beneficial Use Group is also working on permit applications recently received and on further beneficial use program development and efficiencies.

Your input is always welcome and appreciated.

Ohio EPA’s Beneficial Use Program rules are contained in Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 3745-599, which became effective on March 31, 2017. The following materials are included in the rules:

  • Foundry Sands;
  • Drinking Water Treatment Residuals;
  • Waste Materials burned for energy recovery;
  • Sewage Sludge (Biosolids) Incinerator Ash; and
  • Dredged material from federal navigational channels in Lake Erie

Under the beneficial use rules, these “beneficial use byproducts” (BUBs) may be used in applications increasing in complexity from authorized by rule, burning for energy recovery, and general or individual permits.

When used in accordance with specified conditions, BUBs may be used as an ingredient in certain construction materials such as cement or asphalt concrete, with no input or authorization required by Ohio EPA BUBs may also be used as a fuel or ingredient in a combustion unit, again with no further authorization required from DMWM (Other authorizations for air and water emissions may apply to these activities).

General Permits for beneficially using certain foundry sands in soil mixes and bioretention practices, and as fill material, are final and available for use. Please see a Notice of Intent (NOI) form you can use to seek coverage under the general permits, along with guidance on how to navigate and utilize the beneficial use general permitting process. In the near future we will be posting a final Sewage Sludge Incinerator Ash General Permit and continue working on general permit(s) to use materials dredged from federal navigation channels and areas contiguous.

If you wish to use a BUB in an application other than those provided for in the General Permit, you may apply for an individual permit. Simply complete the application and submit with the required fee as directed for agency consideration.

Lastly, for materials not included in OAC Chapter 3745-599, such as paper sludge or non-hazardous waste baghouse dust, we continue to offer beneficial use land application permits known as Integrated Alternative Waste Management Plans (IAWMPS) and Land Application Management Plans (LAMPs). Please contact the DMWM Beneficial Use Unit to determine which applies best to your proposed project.

We will continue collaborating with all interested parties considering materials we might add to OAC Chapter 3745-599, as well as additional beneficial uses and ways to improve the new rules. Your input is always welcome.

The Beneficial Use Rules are located in OAC Chapter 3745-599, which  became effective March 31, 2017

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Phone: (614) 644-2621

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Lazarus Government Center
50 W. Town St., Suite 700
Columbus, OH 43215

Mailing address:
Lazarus Government Center
P.O. Box 1049
Columbus, OH 43216-1049 

Beneficial Use
Sarvis, Harry  Environmental Manager
(614) 644-3519
Schierberl, John
(614) 644-2955
Flynn, Maera
Environmental Specialist 3, Beneficial Use
(614) 728-5338 
Cherosky, Phil Environmental Specialist 2, Beneficial Use
(614) 644-3249

Dredged Material - Make It Your Business!
Each year, 1.5 million cubic yards of material is dredged from the federal navigation channels along Ohio’s Lake Erie shoreline. Historically, most of the material dredged from Lake Erie has been placed back into the open waters of the lake. Thanks to the enactment of Senate Bill 1, open-lake disposal will no longer be an option as of July 1, 2020. It’s time to stop wasting dredged material and start using it to help Ohio. For more information, visit the webpage.