Which vehicles must be tested

Testing cycle

All gasoline and diesel-fueled vehicles, including flexible fuel and hybrid vehicles, equal to or less than 10,000 pounds Gross  Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), 25 years old or newer from the current testing year, and registered in an E-Check county must comply with E-Check.  All even model year vehicles must be tested during the even-numbered years (e.g. a 2004 vehicle must be tested in 2012, 2014, etc.).  All odd model year vehicles must be tested during the odd-numbered years (e.g. a 2003 vehicle must be tested in 2013, 2015, etc.).

Please refer to the exempt vehicles section below for a list of vehicles that are exempt from the E-Check program.

IMPORTANT:  An inspection certificate is valid for 365 days following the date of the test.  You may use that same test certificate to renew your registration if your renewal date falls within 365 days from the initial test.

New vehicles

New vehicles are exempt for the first four model years.  For example, 2011 to 2014 model year vehicles are exempt from testing in 2014.


Vehicles permanently exempt from the E-Check program

Some vehicles are permanently exempt from the E-Check test requirement.  The following is a partial listing of permanently exempt vehicles:

  • Vehicles weighing more than 10,000 pounds GVWR (contact Ohio EPA Field Office for appointment)
  • Motorcycles, recreational vehicles and motor homes (contact Ohio BMV for details)
  • Historical and collector's vehicles (contact Ohio BMV for details)

Please visit the exemption/extension Web site for additional information.

What is the difference between a PERMANENT EXEMPTION and owning a vehicle that is PERMANENTLY EXEMPT?

Vehicles that are eligible for a PERMANENT EXEMPTION must make arrangements for the vehicle to have a one-time visual inspection performed by Ohio EPA Mobile Sources field staff.  These vehicles include:

  1. Electrically powered vehicles; (One time verification inspection by Ohio EPA Mobile Sources Section required.)
  2. Vehicles operating on alternative fuel, such as propane, butane, alcohol, or natural gas. (One time verification inspection by Ohio EPA Mobile Sources Section required.)
  3. Non-commercial vehicles weighing more than 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating 

Several types of vehicles are PERMANENTLY EXEMPT from the E-Check test requirement and do not need a visual inspection.  A complete list with a detailed explanation may be found in Ohio Administrative Code, Section 3745-26-12(c). It is not necessary for vehicle owners that are permanently exempt to be issued an exemption certificate.  The most common types are listed below.

  1. Vehicles more than 25 years old, as determined by vehicle model year;
  2. Commercial vehicles weighing more than 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating;
  3. Historical and collector's vehicles - contact Ohio BMV for details;
  4. Parade and exhibition vehicles - contact Ohio BMV for details;
  5. Motorcycles, recreational vehicles and motor homes - contact Ohio BMV for details;

There may be other circumstances under which you may qualify for an exemption or an extension. If you have questions, contact an Ohio EPA E-Check field office or the Ohio EPA Mobile Sources Section, P.O. Box 1049, Columbus, Ohio 43216-1049 Phone: (614) 644-3059.

Title transfers

Whenever a vehicle's title transfers to another individual within one of the seven E-Check counties and that vehicle's emissions test has expired , that vehicle must be tested. Vehicles within the four year exemption period do not test on a title transfer. Vehicles that are 25 years old or newer and were titled out-of-state must also be tested before they are registered in Ohio.  If the previous owner has a valid test certificate, the new owner may use it to register the vehicle. In the event the previous owner does not have the certificate or is not sure if the vehicle has been tested in the last 365 days, please call 1-800-CAR-TEST to obtain this information. Please have the vehicle identification number (VIN) available.

IMPORTANT: An inspection certificate is valid for 365 days following the date of the test. If a vehicle that has undergone a title change is registered within 365 days from a previous test, then the new owner will not need to have the vehicle tested again in order to register. An inspection certificate is valid for one full year from test date, regardless of title changes.

 Automobile Dealer Information

Vehicles not registered in Ohio requesting testing

Any individual seeking an emissions test for a vehicle registered out of the state of Ohio or a vehicle registered in an Ohio county where testing is not mandatory, will be required to purchase a voucher in advance for each vehicle to be tested. Testing vouchers can be purchased from Envirotest Systems for $18.00 each. Please follow the link below for voucher purchase information.

Voucher Contact Information

External Links Disclaimer

* Although Ohio EPA cannot endorse, sanction or guarantee the accuracy of information found on external Web sites, we think you might find these outside links useful. When you select a link to an external Web site, you are leaving Ohio EPA's Web site and are subject to the privacy, security and accessibility policies of the owners/sponsors of the external site.